During this period, the priestesses of Athena, or plyntrídes, performed a cleansing ritual within the Erechtheion, a sanctuary devoted to Athena and Poseidon. Here Athena's statue was undressed, her clothes washed, and body purified. She was the daughter of Zeus; no mother bore her. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Athena’s association with the acropolises of various Greek cities probably stemmed from the location of the kings’ palaces there. She was thought to have had neither consort nor offspring. Black Friday Sale! In post-Mycenaean times the city, especially its citadel, replaced the palace as Athena’s domain. Astral Projection: After she sacrificed herself for Zeus, Athena was able to return in an Astral Form to guide Kratos. …was moralized; the goddess Pallas Athene, for example, who in physical allegory stood for the ether, in moral allegory was taken to represent reflective wisdom because she was born out of the forehead of her father, Zeus. Athena became the goddess of crafts and skilled peacetime pursuits in general. Moral and physical interpretation is often intermingled.…. As the guardian of the welfare of kings, Athena became the goddess of good counsel, of prudent restraint and practical insight, as well as of war. Athena appears in Homer’s Odyssey as the tutelary deity of Odysseus, and myths from later sources portray her similarly as helper of Perseus and Heracles (Hercules). 1. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. God of War … Omissions? Her birth and her contest with Poseidon, the sea god, for the suzerainty of the city were depicted on the pediments of the Parthenon, and the great festival of the Panathenaea, in July, was a celebration of her birthday. In Athens, the Plynteria, or "Feast of the Bath", was observed every year at the end of the month of Thargelion. Athena was customarily portrayed wearing body armour and a helmet and carrying a shield and a lance. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? Como una diosa, Atenea poseía numerosos poderes y fue capaz de aparecer en muchas formas y era invencible a ciertas formas de ataque. In Homer’s Iliad, Athena, as a war goddess, inspires and fights alongside the Greek heroes; her aid is synonymous with military prowess. Ella también tenía el poder de c… The Parthenon, on the Acropolis, in Athens. Los dioses no habían abandonado Kratos en absoluto. Athena’s moral and military superiority to Ares derives in part from the fact that she represents the intellectual and civilized side of war and the virtues of justice and skill, whereas Ares represents mere blood lust. That she ultimately became allegorized to personify wisdom and righteousness was a natural development of her patronage of skill. She was also worshipped in many other cities, notably in Sparta. Updates? She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. The qualities that lead to victory are found on the aegis, or breastplate, that Athena wears when she goes to war: fear, strife, defense, and assault. También le concedió el Cuchillas de Atenea para reemplazar el Blades of Chaos que le dio (y se lo llevaron) por Ares. She may not have been described as a virgin originally, but virginity was attributed to her very early and was the basis for the interpretation of her epithets Pallas and Parthenos. She was the daughter of Zeus, produced without a mother, so that she emerged full-grown from his forehead. Athena Parthenos, full-scale replica of Phidias's chryselephantine sculpture by Alan LeQuire, 1982; in a full-scale replica of the Parthenon, Nashville, Tennessee. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. She inspired three of Phidias’s sculptural masterpieces, including the massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statue of Athena Parthenos once housed in the Parthenon; and in Aeschylus’s dramatic tragedy Eumenides she founded the Areopagus (Athens’s aristocratic council), and, by breaking a deadlock of the judges in favour of Orestes, the defendant, she set the precedent that a tied vote signified acquittal.